Name of the mount of the Crucifixion, late 14c., from L. Calvaria, translating Aramaic gulgulta “place of the skull”. Rendered literally in O.E. as Heafodpannan stow. Latin Calvaria is related to calvus “bald.”
Hill near Jerusalem, via Latin and Greek, from Aramaic gulgulta, lit. “(place of the) skull,” cognate with Hebrew gulgoleth “skull.” So called in reference to its shape.
Carrying his own cross, he went out to the place of the Skull (which in Aramaic is called Golgotha).
Place of a skull – “Golgotha” may have been a skull-shaped hill, or it may have been so named because as a place of crucifixion, it accumulated skulls. None of the gospels mention a hill.
John MacArthur Study Bible
To Calvary, where Jesus carried His own cross and was crucified.